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  • Original ArticleDecember 31, 2023

    133 28

    Open Reduction and Internal Fixation for Vancouver B1 and B2 Periprosthetic Femoral Fractures: A Proportional Meta-Analysis

    Byung-Ho Yoon, MD , Seong Gyun Park, MD , Young Hak Roh, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 217-227
    Purpose: Periprosthetic femoral fracture (PFF) is a common complication after total hip arthroplasty, and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a common surgical treatment. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the outcomes of ORIF in patients with different fracture patterns (Vancouver B1 and B2).
    Materials and Methods: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and KoreaMed from inception to August 2022. We conducted a pair-wise meta-analysis (with a fixed-effects model) on the 10 comparative studies and a proportional meta-analysis on the data from the 39 articles to determine a consensus. The outcomes were the incidence of reoperations that included osteosynthesis, irrigation/debridement and revision arthroplasty.
    Results: The pair-wise meta-analysis showed similar outcomes between two groups; the risk of reoperation (odds ratio [OR]=0.82, confidence interval [CI] 0.43-1.55, P=0.542), nonunion (OR=0.49; CI 0.22-1.10, P=0.085) and deep infection (OR=1.89, CI 0.48-7.46, P=0.361). In proportion meta-analysis, pooled prevalence of reoperation was 9% (95% CI, 6-12) in B1 and 8% (95% CI, 2-15) in B2 (heterogeneity between two groups (Q), P=0.772). The pooled prevalence of nonunion was same as of 4% in B1 and B2 (Q, P=0.678), and deep infection was 2% (95% CI, 1-3) in B1 and 4% (95% CI, 2-7) in B2 (Q, P=0.130).
    Conclusion: ORIF is a feasible treatment for B1 and B2 periprosthetic femoral fractures, with acceptable outcomes in terms of, nonunion and infection. The results of this study would help clinicians and provide baseline data for further studies validating PFF.
  • Original ArticleDecember 31, 2023

    111 17

    Dislocation after Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Comparison between Dual Mobility and Conventional Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Hyun Sik Shin, MD , Dong-Hong Kim, MD , Hyung Seok Kim, MD , Hyung Seob Ahn, MD , Yeesuk Kim, MD, PhD

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 233-237
    Purpose: The objective of this study was to analyze the results from a cohort of patients who underwent a revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a dual mobility cup (DMC) implant.
    Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of revised THAs was conducted using the database from a single tertiary referral hospital. A total of 91 revision THAs from 91 patients were included in the study. There were 46 male hips and 45 female hips. The mean age was 56.3±14.6 years, and the mean follow-up period was 6.4±5.9 years. In performance of revision THAs, the DMC implants were used in 18 hips (19.8%), and the conventional implants were used in 73 hips (80.2%).
    Results: During the follow-up period, three dislocations were identified, and the overall dislocation rate was 3.3%. Early dislocation (at one month postoperatively) occurred in one patient, while late dislocation (at a mean of 7.5 years) occurred in two patients. There was no occurrence of dislocation in the DMC group (0%), and three dislocations were detected in the conventional group (4.1%). However, no significant difference in the rate of dislocation was observed between the two groups (P=0.891).
    Conclusion: Although the rate of dislocation was higher in the conventional group, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups due to the small number of patients. Nevertheless, we believe that the dual mobility design is advantageous in terms of reducing dislocation rate and can be recommended as an option for a revision THA.
  • Original ArticleDecember 31, 2023

    98 20

    Variation of Practice in Prophylactic Protocol to Reduce Prosthetic Joint Infection in Primary Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: A National Survey in the United Kingdom

    James Morris, MBBS, BSc (Hons), MRCS , Lee Hoggett, MBChB (Hons), PG Cert, MRCS, FHEA , Sophie Rogers, MBChB, BSc (Hons), MRCS , John Ranson, MBChB, BSc (Hons), MRCS , Andrew Sloan, MB BCh, MRCS, FRCS (Tr & Orth), RCPath ME

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 228-232
    Purpose: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) has an enormous physiological and psychological burden on patients. Surgeons rightly wish to minimise this risk. It has been shown that a standardised, evidence-based approach to perioperative care leads to better patient outcomes. A review of current practice was conducted using a cross-sectional survey among surgeons at multiple centers nationwide.
    Materials and Methods: An 11-question electronic survey was circulated to hip and knee arthroplasty consultants nationally via the BOA (British Orthopaedic Association) e-newsletter.
    Results: The respondents included 56 consultants working across 19 different trusts. Thirty-four (60.7%) screen patients for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) preoperatively, with 19 (55.9%) would treating with antibiotics. Fifty-six (100%) screen for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and treat if positive. Only 15 (26.8%) screen for methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) or empirically eradicate. Zero (0%) routinely catheterise patients perioperatively. Forty-one (73.2%) would give intramuscular or intravenous gentamicin for a perioperative catheterisation. All surgeons use laminar flow theatres. Twenty-six (46.4%) use only an impervious gown, 6 (10.7%) exhaust pipes, and 24 (42.3%) surgical helmet system. Five different antimicrobial prophylaxis regimens are used 9 (16.1%) cefuroxime, 2 (3.6%) flucloxacillin, 19 (33.9%) flucloxacillin and gentamicin, 10 (17.9%) teicoplanin, 16 (28.6%) teicoplanin and gentamicin. Twenty-two (39.3%) routinely give further doses.
    Conclusion: ASB screening, treatment and intramuscular gentamicin for perioperative catheterisation is routinely practiced despite no supporting evidence base. MSSA screening and treatment is underutilised. Multiple antibiotic regimens exist despite little variation in organisms in PJI. Practice varies between surgeons and centers, we should all be practicing evidence-based medicine.
  • Review ArticleJune 30, 2023

    89 20

    Efficacy of Pericapsular Nerve Group Block for Pain Reduction and Opioid Consumption after Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Eunsoo Kim, MD, PhD, Won Chul Shin, MD, PhD*, Sang Min Lee, MD*, Min Jun Choi, MD, Nam Hoon Moon, MD, PhD

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(2): 63-72
    The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for comparison of the effectiveness of pericapsular nerve group (PENG) block with that of other analgesic techniques for reduction of postoperative pain and consumption of opioids after total hip arthroplasty (THA). A search of records in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library, and databases was conducted in order to identify studies comparing the effect of the PENG block with that of other analgesics on reduction of postoperative pain and consumption of opioids after THA. Determination of eligibility was based on the PICOS (participants, intervention, comparator, outcomes, and study design) criteria as follows: (1) Participants: patients who underwent THA. (2) Intervention: patients who received a PENG block for management of postoperative pain. (3) Comparator: patients who received other analgesics. (4) Outcomes: numerical rating scale (NRS) score and opioid consumption during different periods. (5) Study design: clinical RCTs. Five RCTs were finally included in the current meta-analysis. Significantly lower postoperative opioid consumption at 24 hours after THA was observed in the group of patients who received the PENG block compared with the control group (standard mean difference=– 0.36, 95% confidence interval –0.64 to –0.08). However, no significant reduction in NRS score at 12, 24, and 48 hours after surgery and opioid consumption at 48 hours after THA was observed. The PENG block showed better results for opioid consumption at 24 hours after THA compared with other analgesics.
  • Original ArticleDecember 31, 2023

    84 19

    Change of Symptoms after Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Hip-Spine Syndrome

    Sung-Hyun Yoon, MD , Ju Hyun Kim, MD , Hyung Jun Lee, MD , Ki-Choul Kim, MD, PhD

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 238-245
    Purpose: Elderly patients with degenerative diseases undergo treatment for the hip and spine; these patients present with various symptoms. This study focused on patients with residual symptoms, predominantly pain, even after receiving treatment for their spinal lesions.
    Materials and Methods: Patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) between 2016 and 2022 at a single tertiary hospital were included in the study. Of the 417 patients who underwent primary THA, a retrospective review of 40 patients with previous lesions of the spine was conducted. Patients were stratified to two cohorts: Patients with symptoms related to the spine (Group A), and those with hip-related symptoms (Group B). Preand postoperative comparisons of groups A and B were performed.
    Results: Improvements in patients’ symptoms were observed in groups A and B after THA. In Group A, the mean preoperative visual analog scale (VAS) score was 5.10±0.876, which showed a postoperative decrease to 2.70±1.767. In Group B, the mean preoperative VAS score was 5.10±1.539, which showed a postoperative decrease to 2.67±1.493.
    Conclusion: According to the findings, promising results were achieved with THA in treatment of debilitating diseases of the hip for both the prognosis of the disease, as well as the patients’ symptoms. In addition, in some cases elderly patients with dual pathologies underwent treatment for spinal lesions without performance of any evaluation related to the hip. Thus, evaluation of a patient’s hip must be performed and performance of THA in patients with symptoms even after treatment of spinal lesions is recommended.
  • Original ArticleDecember 31, 2023

    83 18

    Postoperative Valgus Deformity and Progression of Ostheoarthritis in Non-Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures

    Hyungtae Kim, MD , Ji Su Kim, MD , Yerl Bo Sung, MD, PhD

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 259-267
    Purpose: Nondisplaced femoral neck fractures have traditionally been treated with in situ fixation. However, poor surgical and clinical outcomes have been reported for fractures with valgus deformity >15°, and the reduction of valgus impaction has recently been emphasized. In addition, early degenerative osteoarthritis can be caused by cam-type femoroacetabular impingement after healing of femoral neck fractures. This study was designed with the objective of confirming the difference in progression of radiographic osteoarthritis according to the severity of the valgus deformity.
    Materials and Methods: Patients who underwent internal fixation using multiple cannulateld screws for management of nondisplaced femoral neck fractures were divided into two groups: high valgus group (postoperative valgus angle ≥15°) and low valgus group (postoperative valgus angle <15°). Evaluation of demographic data and changes in the joint space width from the immediate postoperative period to the latest follow-up was performed.
    Results: A significant decrease in joint space width in both hip joints was observed in the high valgus group when compared with the low valgus group, including cases with an initial valgus angle less than 15°and those corrected to less than 15°of valgus by reduction. No complications requiring surgical treatment were observed in either group; however, two cases of avascular necrosis, one in each group, which developed in the low valgus group after reduction of the fracture, were followed for observation.
    Conclusion: Performing in situ fixation in cases involving a valgus deformity ≥15°in non-displaced femoral neck fractures may cause accelerated narrowing of the hip joint space.
  • Case ReportDecember 31, 2023

    80 24

    Reduction of the Femoral Head First, and Assembly of the MUTARS® Device in Case of Impossible Reduction during Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Jee Young Lee, MD, PhD , Ye Jun Lee, MD* , Gyu Min Kong, MD, PhD*

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 277-280
    Dislocation after a total hip arthroplasty occurs in approximately 1% of patients; however, the frequency is much higher after revision surgery. To prevent dislocation, use of a larger femoral head is recommended, and a dual mobility femoral head has been introduced. However, reducing the dual mobility femoral head to the acetabular component is difficult in cases involving contracture in the soft tissue around the joint. A 72-year-old male patient who developed a periprosthetic joint infection underwent two-stage revision surgery using MUTARS®. Two months after the revision, the hip joint became dislocated and manual reduction was attempted; however, dislocation occurred again. During another revision using a dual mobility bearing, the soft tissue around the hip joint was too tight to reduce. The problem was overcome by first repositioning the dual mobility head into the acetabular socket, followed by assembly of the diaphyseal portion of the implant.
  • Review ArticleMarch 31, 2023

    79 20

    Looking beyond Piriformis Syndrome: Is It Really the Piriformis?

    Shivam Sharma, B.Ph.T , Harmanpreet Kaur, Nishank Verma, M.Ph.T, Bibek Adhya, M.Ph.T

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(1): 1-5
    Piriformis syndrome is a common differential diagnosis related to sciatica. The following review provides a concise synopsis of the diagnosis, management, history, and alternatives to diagnosis of piriformis syndrome. A search of the literature for research articles related to piriformis syndrome and associated differential diagnosis of sciatica was conducted. A thorough review of the included articles found that the condition known as piriformis syndrome is over-diagnosed and that potential anatomic and biomechanical variations originating in the pelvic region might be related to the complaint of sciatica. The criteria for diagnosis are based on findings from both physical examination and radio imaging. Piriformis syndrome resembles a variety of clinical conditions; therefore, conduct of future studies should include development of a validated method for evaluation as well as clinical criteria for diagnosis of piriformis syndrome.
  • Original ArticleDecember 31, 2023

    77 15

    A Comparative Study of Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty for Intertrochanteric Fracture: Direct Anterior Approach versus Conventional Posterolateral Approach

    Young Yool Chung, MD , Seung-Woo Shim, MD , Min Young Kim, MD , Young-Jae Kim, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 246-252
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare short-term results from use of the direct anterior approach (DAA) and the conventional posterolateral approach (PLA) in performance of bipolar hemiarthroplasty for treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients.
    Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 100 patients with intertrochanteric fractures who underwent bipolar hemiarthroplasty was conducted. The PLA was used in 50 cases from 2016 to 2019; since that time we have used the DAA in 50 cases from 2019 to 2021. Measurements of mean operative time, blood loss, hospitalization period, and ambulation status, greater trochanter (GT) migration and stem subsidence were performed. And the incidence of complications was examined.
    Results: Operative time was 73.60±14.56 minutes in the PLA group and 79.80±8.89 minutes in the DAA group (P<0.05). However, after experiencing 20 cases using DAA, there was no statistically difference in operative time between two groups (P=0.331). Blood loss was 380.76±180.67 mL in the PLA group and 318.14±138.51 mL in the DAA group (P<0.05). The hospitalization was 23.76±11.89 days in the PLA group and 21.45 ±4.18 days in the DAA group (P=0.207). In both groups, there were no progressive GT migration, intraoperative fractures or dislocations, although there was one case of infection in the PLA group.
    Conclusion: Although use of the DAA in performance of bipolar hemiarthroplasty required slightly more time in the beginning compared with the PLA, the DAA may well be an alternative, safe surgical technique as a muscle preserving procedure in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures.
  • Original ArticleDecember 31, 2023

    72 13

    Surgical Resection of Neurogenic Heterotopic Ossification around Hip Joint in Stroke Patients: A Safety and Outcome Report

    Jae-Young Beom, MD , WengKong Low, MD* , Kyung-Soon Park, MD, PhD , Taek-Rim Yoon, MD, PhD , Chan Young Lee, MD , Hyeongmin Song, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2023; 35(4): 268-276
    Purpose: Resection remains the most reliable treatment for established heterotopic ossification, despite questions regarding its effectiveness due to the potential for complications. This study evaluated the clinical outcomes and complications of neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) resection in stroke patients’ ankylosed hips.
    Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed nine hip NHO resections performed on seven patients from 2010 to 2018. The pre- and postoperative range of motion of the operated hip were compared. Analysis of postoperative complications, including infection, recurrence, iatrogenic fracture, and neurovascular injury was performed.
    Results: The mean operative time was 132.78±21.08 minutes, with a mean hemoglobin drop of 3.06±0.82 g/dL within the first postoperative week. The mean duration of postoperative follow-up was 52.08±28.72 months for all patients. Postoperative range of motion showed improvement from preoperative. Flexion and external rotation (mean, 58.89±30.60°and 16.67±18.03°, respectively) showed the greatest gain of motion of the operated hip joint. Postoperative infections resolved in two cases through surgical debridement, and one case required conversion to total hip arthroplasty due to instability. There were no recurrences, iatrogenic fractures, or neurovascular injuries.
    Conclusion: Resection is a beneficial intervention for restoring the functional range of motion of the hip in order to improve the quality of life for patients with NHO and neurological disorders. We recommend performance of a minimal resection to achieve a targeted functional arc of motion in order to minimize the risk of postoperative complications.
Vol.36 No.1 Mar 01, 2024, pp. 1~75
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