Related article in Hip & Pelvis

  • Review ArticleDecember 1, 2012

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    Deep Vein Thrombosis and Neurovascular Injury after Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Yu Seok Seo, MD, Soo Jae Yim, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2012; 24(4): 279-287
    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a relatively common complication of total hip arthroplasty. DVT can accompany symptoms of pain and swelling of the lower leg, and can lead to fatal pulmonary thromboembolism. Surgical procedure is a primary risk factor, and obesity, medical status of disease, or patient’s factors could be related. Diagnostic modalities include venography, Doppler ultrasound, CT angiography, and magnetic resonance venography. Mechanical prophylaxis, such as compression stocking and use of an intermittent pneumatic compression device or a pharmacological agent, such as Warfarin, low molecular weight heparin, thrombin inhibitors, and factor Xa inhibitor can be useful. Neurovascular injury after total hip arthroplasty is an uncommon complication, but can be disastrous and fatal. To prevent this complication, the surgeon must be well acquainted with the anatomy and proper surgical skill is needed.
  • Review ArticleMarch 1, 2013

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    Cementless Implant in Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Taek-Rim Yoon, MD, Kyung-Soon Park, MD, Hong-An Lim, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2013; 25(1): 14-20
    The various implants used in total hip arthroplasty can be classified according to the design and the fixation type. In general, they can be divided into two groups; cemented and cementless types. The surgeon’s decision regarding which type of implant to use should be based on the goal of the arthroplasty operation, the bony deformity of the patient, the function of the involved hip joint, and the experience of the operator. When using cementless implants, primary fixation, survival rate, and successful fixation on long-term follow-up depend on the material of the implant, the bone quality, and, ultimately, the interaction between the implant and the bone. Cementless implants have shown a high success rate in primary total hip arthroplasty and relatively fine outcomes on long-term follow-up. In comparison of the two implant types, superiority has yet to be determined, however, a choice made based on the objective of the surgery, the function of the joint, the quality of the bone, and the surgeon's experience will result in a good outcome. Therefore, we reviewed the qualities of cementless implants, the application, and the various procedures involving the implant.
  • Case ReportMarch 1, 2013

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    Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head in a Patient with Poliomyelitis Treated by THA with a Large-diameter Metal Head - A Case Report -

    Taek-Rim Yoon, MD, Kyung-Soon Park, MD, Jae-Wook Byun, MD, Min-Chul Kim, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2013; 25(1): 72-76
    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be a good treatment option for avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head. However, because dislocation can frequently occur after surgery, THA is a concern in patients with a neuromuscular disease, such as cerebral palsy or poliomyelitis. In patients with poliomyelitis, only one case of AVN of the femoral head in the affected limb has been reported in the English literature. Here, the authors report on a case of AVN of the femoral head in a patient with poliomyelitis, who was treated with a large diameter femoral head metal-on-metal THA using a modified minimally invasive-2-incision technique.
  • Case ReportMarch 1, 2013

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    Nerve palsy as a complication of hematoma following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a rare development. Although rare, this complication can cause permanent nerve palsy. The authors experienced a case of recovery from sciatic nerve palsy after emergency evacuation of a hematoma. The expanding thigh hematoma was due to anticoagulation treatment for prevention of venous thromboembolism after total hip arthroplasty. After 10 months from the operation, the patient regained complete motor power and leads an ordinary life. The authors would like to emphasize the danger of hematoma following anticoagulation therapy for prevention of venous thromboembolism after total hip arthroplasty.
  • Case ReportDecember 1, 2013

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    Total hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the right hip was performed in a 62-year-old female patient with rightside weakness due to cerebral infarction. Because the second cerebral infarction aggravated right-side weakness, recurrent anterior subluxation occurred two years after surgery. We report on a case of recurrent anterior subluxation of total hip arthroplasty, which was treated successfully by exchange and reorientation of an elevated-rim polyethylene, and discuss studies reporting on recurrent subluxation after total hip arthroplasty and its treatment.
  • Case ReportDecember 1, 2013

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    Failure of a Metal Femoral Head after Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty for a Ceramic Liner Fracture

    Kyung-Soon Park, MD, Ha-Sung Kim, MD, Seung-Hun Lee, MD, Taek-Rim Yoon, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2013; 25(4): 292-296
    Popularity of ceramic materials has increased among joint reconstruction surgeons for treatment of young patients who wish to maintain their active lifestyle. However, ceramic fracture is one of the most serious complications, and there are many concerns regarding the acceleration of third body wear and refracture of ceramic articulation after revision total hip arthroplasty for a ceramic fracture. To date, a few authors have reported on complications due to residual ceramic particles after revision surgery. We report on a case of metallosis due to metal head wear caused by residue of fractured ceramic particles lodged in the polyethylene liner after revision total hip arthroplasty for a ceramic liner fracture.
  • Original ArticleMarch 1, 2014

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    Primary Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty with a Ceramic Sandwich Liner and a Third Zweymüller Stem: Minimum 8-Year Follow up Results

    Do-Hyun Moon, MD, Nam-Ki Kim, MD, Il-Whan Wang, MD, Sang-Jin Lee, MD, Jang-Seok Choi, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2014; 26(1): 14-21
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the minimum eight-year follow up results of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed using an alumina sandwich liner and the third Zweymüller stem.
    Materials and Methods: A total of 86 patients (107 hips) who underwent a THA with alumina sandwich liners and the third Zweymüller stems from July 2001 to December 2003 were analyzed. Mean age of patients at the time of THA was 50.8 years (range, 17-77 years) and the mean follow-up period was 112 months (range, 98-127 months). Clinical evaluation was performed using the Harris hip score and level of thigh pain. The radiographic evaluation was performed in terms of the radiolucent line, subsidence of the stem, migration of the acetabular cup, and proof of loosening.
    Results: At the final follow-up, mean Harris hip score had improved from 57.8 points to 91.9 points. Radiolucent line was observed at Gruen zone 1 in 40 cases (37%) and at zone 7 in 35 cases (33%); however, no detectable loosening was observed. There were six cases (5.6%) of fracture of the ceramic liner, one case of ceramic liner dissociation, and one case of stem loosening due to infection.
    Conclusion: At the minimum eight-year follow up, survival rate of the third Zweymüller stem was 99.1%. However, owing to the high rate of fractures of the ceramic sandwich liners, the survival rate of the ceramic liner was 93.5%.
  • Original ArticleJune 30, 2014

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    Meta-analysis of the Incidence and Risk Factors for Squeaking after Primary Ceramic-on-ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty in Asian Patients

    Tae-Hun Lee, MD*, Young-Wan Moon, MD, Seung-Jae Lim, MD, Youn-Soo Park, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2014; 26(2): 92-98
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the squeaking incidence and risk factors after primary ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty (THA) in Asian patients using meta-analysis.
    Materials and Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of published data on the squeaking incidence and risk factors from 2000 to 2013. Eight studies in Asians were analyzed for both squeaking incidence and risk factors and 25 studies in Western patients were analyzed for squeaking incidence. The data collected were: patient factors, surgical factors and implantation factors.
    Results: The overall incidence of hip squeaking was 2.7% in Asians and 3.1% in Westerners. This difference was not statistically significant. The only significant risk factor was an increase in the acetabular cup abduction angle. Of the factors, the cup abduction angle was the only significant risk factor for the occurrence rate of squeaking, and the occurrence rate tended to increase with increasing angle.
    Conclusion: The incidence of squeaking in Asians after primary ceramic-on-ceramic THA is 2.7% and is similar to that in Westerners. The increased cup abduction angle is associated with squeaking; therefore, surgeons should be careful not to implant the cup at a too steep abduction angle.
  • Original ArticleSeptember 30, 2014

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    The Effect of Hydroxyapatite Coating on Long-term Results of Total Hip Arthroplasty with Hydroxyapatite-coated Anatomic Femoral Stem

    Young-Yool Chung, MD, Chae-Hyun Im, MD, Dae-Hee Kim, MD, Ju-Yeong Heo, MD, Young-Jae Jang, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2014; 26(3): 143-149
    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiological results, as well as the survival rate, associated with total hip arthroplasty using a hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated anatomical femoral stem at a follow-up of ≥12 years.
    Materials and Methods: From April 1992 to May 1997, 86 patients (102 hips) underwent total hip arthroplasty with a HA-coated ABG I (Anatomical Benoist Giraud; Howmedica) hip prosthesis. The average age at the time of surgery was 53.4 years and the mean duration of follow-up was 17.1 years (range, 12.1-21.0 years). The Harris hip score (HHS) and radiographic assessments of thigh pain were used to evaluate the clinical results. We observed osteointegration, cortical hypertrophy, reactive line, calcar resorption and osteolysis around the femoral stems. The survival rate of the femoral stems was evaluated by using the span of time to a revision operation for any reasons was defined as the end point.
    Results: The mean HHS was 50.5 preoperatively and 84.2 at the time of last follow-up. Osteolysis only around the HA-coated proximal portion of the femoral stem was observed in 72 hips, cortical hypertrophy all around the distal portion of the femoral stem was observed in 38 hips, and calcar resorption was observed in 44 hips. A reactive line was observed in 13 hips, but was unrelated to component loosening. Stem revision operations were performed in 24 (23%) hips due to osteolysis (14 hips), fracture (5 hips) and infection (5 hips). The femoral stem survival rate was 75% over the mean duration of follow-up.
    Conclusion: Total hip arthroplasty using a HA-coated anatomical femoral stem showed necessitated a high rate of revision operations due to osteolysis around the femoral stem in this long term follow-up study.
  • Review ArticleJune 30, 2015

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    Management of Periprosthetic Hip Joint Infection

    Hee Dong Lee, MD, Kumar Prashant, MS, Won Yong Shon, MD

    Hip Pelvis 2015; 27(2): 63-71
    Total hip joint replacement offers dramatic improvement in the quality of life but periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is the most devastating complication of this procedure. The infection threatens the function of the joint, the preservation of the limb, and occasionally even the life of the patient due to long term hospitalization and high cost. For the surgeon it is a disastrous burden, which requires repeated, complicated procedures to eradicate infection and to provide a mobile joint without pain. Yet in the absence of a true gold standard, the diagnosis of PJI can be elusive. Synovial fluid aspiration, diagnostic imaging, traditional culture, peripheral serum inflammatory markers, and intraoperative frozen sections each have their limitations but continue to be the mainstay for diagnosis of PJI. Treatment options mainly include thorough irrigation and debridement with prosthesis retention, or a two-stage prosthesis exchange with intervening placement of an antibiotic-loaded spacer. Success in treating PJI depends on extensive surgical debridement and adequate and effective antibiotic therapy. Treatment in two stages using a spacer is recommended for most chronic PJI. Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention is the obvious choice for treatment of acute PJI, with good success rates in selected patients. This article presents an overview of recent management concepts for PJI of the hip emphasizing diagnosis and the clinical approach, and also share own experience at our institution.
Vol.36 No.1 Mar 01, 2024, pp. 1~75
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